Pain Relief Management

Acupuncture is a Alternate therapy that is being increasingly used in the day-to-day management of pain. This article offers a summary of the models of its suggested mechanism of action, the evidence-base for its effectiveness and the clinical applications for which acupuncture can be considered. The Standard Acupuncture Nomenclature published by the World Health Organization (WHO) listed about 400 acupuncture points and 20 meridians connecting most of the points. The exact anatomical locations of these points are beyond the scope of this article. There are 12 meridians on the arms and the legs. Meridians are divided into Yin and Yang groups. The Yin meridians of the arm are: heart, lung, and pericardium. The Yang meridians of the arm are: small intestine, large intestine, and triple warmer. The Yin meridians of the leg are: kidney, spleen, and liver. The Yang meridians of the leg are: stomach, bladder, and gall bladder. Fine needles are inserted into body locations known as acupoints. Classic texts describe up to 356 mapped points located on meridians or channels of energy flow on the surface of the body. In the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) system, the body is seen as a delicate balance of two opposing and inseparable forces: yin and yang. Yin represents the cold, slow, or passive principle, while yang represents the hot, excited, or active principle. A major assumption in Traditional Chinese Medicine is that the health is achieved by maintaining the body in a ‘balanced state’ and that disease is as a result of an internal imbalance of yin and yang. This imbalance leads to blockage in the flow of Qi (prana)...

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